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Who uses infant childcare? Determinants of early participation in formal childcare in contemporary Italy
Nevena Kulic

##manager.scheduler.building##: Velodromo - Bocconi University
##manager.scheduler.room##: N01
Date: 2019-01-25 11:00 AM – 12:30 PM
Last modified: 2018-12-26

Abstract


The study focuses on individual and contextual determinants of the use of formal childcare for children below 24 months in Italy. We follow the theoretical model of Pungello and Kurtz-Costes (1999) where childcare choices are dependent on demographic characteristics of child and parents, educational and cultural resources, but also economic factors, neighborhoods and housing, as well as parental preferences.  We test the relevance of different characteristics for early participation patterns measuring and comparing the role of different inequalities, including ethnic and socio-economics ones.  We rely on the latest edition of the Italian Survey of Births for year 2012. The sample population includes mothers interviewed between 18 and 24 months after the birth of their child. Thanks to its specific survey design and the sample size of 19,256 infants, the dataset allows us to investigate access to the formal childcare for a large and representative sample of Italian families. We employ logistic regressions to study the dominant use of formal childcare arrangements, and we also use decomposition analyses to understand the role of various factors determining the patterns.

 


Keywords


childcare, infants, italy, ethnic inequality, ses inequality